Beeler-Reuter Ventricular Model, 1977

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The model is used to simulate mammalian ventricular action potentials. It formulates ionic current gating in terms of Hodgkin-Huxley type equations. This model describes four ionic currents: fast inward sodium current, slow (calcium-carried) inward current, time-dependent outward potassium current, and time-independent (predominantly potassium) outward current. This model includes basic intracellular calcium concentration handling.


  • Reconstruction of the action potential of ventricular myocardial fibres, Beeler, G.W. and Reuter, H., 1977 Journal of Physiology, 268, 177-210.


This model is part of the stable CESE distribution.